PROSPECTIVE APPROACH ON DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF NIDRAVIKARA (SLEEP DISORDER/ INSOMNIA) IN AYURVEDA
Sleep is an essential component of human life to keep health and well-being absence of which cause a lot of neuro-psycho–physiological derailment in the body. In another words if normal sleep is disturbed for a short time it can be managed but if it continues for a prolong period than the condition is called as a diseases which can be termed on the basis of its characteristics like sleep disorder, insomnia etc. Several diagnostics criteria’s including different scales have been taken into practical for diagnosing the variety of sleep disorder. The concept of sleep disorder has also been enriched with description in classical text like Nidranasha, Anidra etc. which has been systematically defined along with a reasonable causing factors. The management of sleep disorder has become a serious issue nowadays looking to the disorders observed in daily life of growing civilization starting from food to working schedule etc. The effect of sleeplessness has put not only work place disturbances damaging the expected outcome rather it has become global epidemic damaging to neuro-psycho–physio-socio-economic load of human being and nation. As per statistics female adults are more prone to sleep disorder amongst the higher socio-economicgroup. This sleep disorder is experienced with obesity, depression and poor inummo system etc. in the long run. The probable and possible management in Ayurveda stands an unique option. The traditional way of management pertaining to sleeplessness/insomnia has been elaborated in this paper.